Sometimes the most obvious advances in roofing technology can happen using the least visible of products. Cover boards have been used with flat roof systems for decades, starting with hot mopped and torch-applied asphalt systems to protect the underlying roof from damage during installation.
However, when single-ply roofs started to gain market share in the last quarter of the 20th century, demand for cover boards started to decline. Part of the trend away from cover boards was driven by the observation that single-ply roofs may not require a cover board to assure installation success. And some of the decline in the use of cover boards may have been a result of manufacturer specifications that did not require the use of a cover board to obtain a roofing warranty.
However, as we began to learn that cover boards offer advantages for all flat roof systems, the use of cover boards once again started to grow and now has become a common practice. It’s easy to understand this trend when you look at all the benefits modern roof cover boards offer:
- Cover boards save energy. When a cover board is installed with staggered joints over the underlying thermal insulation, thermal loss at the insulation edges is reduced.
- Cover boards help with reuse and recycling. Although it may be difficult to remove and recycle the cover board itself, it’s much easier to preserve the underlying thermal insulation and keep it in a condition suitable for reuse – either on a new building or as part of a new roof on the existing building.
- Cover boards protect your insulation investment. With building codes now requiring up to R-35 or more for flat roofs, your customer’s investment in energy efficiency is substantial. By preventing crushing or compression of the underlying thermal insulation, a cover board helps ensure that your customer gets a full return on that insulation investment.
- Cover boards extend roof service life. Let’s face it, many roofs don’t wear out because they never get the chance due to damage caused by foot traffic, hail, high winds, etc. Cover boards help protect against the causes of premature roof failure, and as a result, help roofs achieve their optimal service life.
- Cover boards increase wind and fire resistance. In general, roof systems using cover boards tend to achieve higher wind and fire ratings, which also helps to extend roof service life.
Better thermal performance, longer service life, easier recycling, and better return on investment is a lot for a single roofing product to offer. Additionally, the choices for roof cover boards have expanded significantly. Today, there are several suppliers of moisture-resistant gypsum cover boards that can be obtained in thicknesses as low as one-quarter of an inch.
An even wider variety of foam cover boards is now available, including high-density polyiso boards and fan-folded polystyrene products. New high-density mineral wool products also have emerged to offer a modern high performance update on traditional wood fiber and perlite boards. Finally, many roof system manufacturers have developed high-performance roofing systems using oriented strand board (OSB) to provide increased wind and hail resistance. Taken altogether, the choices available today are staggering.
So, the next time you bid a flat roof job, make sure your customer understands the many benefits of roof cover boards. It’s a great way to make roofs more sustainable while providing solid economic return to your customers. And consider attaching a copy of this column as a part of your proposal to help explain the benefits of roof cover boards.